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In phonics children are taught about letter sounds and shapes. They learn which letters (or groups of letters) make which sounds. Children are taught to segment these sounds to write and blend to read. Phonics is taught daily using the Letters and Sounds document until the children reach National Standards.
Children begin at Phase 1 and work through to Phase 6. In EYFS, Year 1 and Year 2, the children have a 20 minute session everyday. The sessions are taught by teachers and teaching assistants on small groups. Each term progress in phonics is evaluated and the groups are adjusted to reflect the progress that the children are making. If a child is struggling, specific intervention will be put into place to prevent them from falling behind. For some children with SEND, phonics targets will be added in their individual educational plans.
Alongside our phonics programme we use phonetically decodable texts for guided reading in EYFS and Key Stage 1, with Phonic Bugs and Floppy's Phonics.
In Year 1, children will complete the national year 1 phonics screening check. They are asked to read 40 words (decode), some of these words are real and some are pseudo-words. To further support some of our children with phonics, we also provide the following intervention programmes:
Fast track phonics.
Bounce back phonics.